Pekalongan of Batik Town
The Origin of Pekalongan
The name of Pekalongan as was disribed by local society hereditaryly
for some version. One of them was mentioned at a period of
Raden Bahurekso as Monarchic commander figure of Mataram.
In the year 1628, he got comand of Sultan Agung to attack
VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indishe Compagnic) in Batavia. So he
struggled to ossify, even early by fasting like bat (Javanese
: topo ngalong) in forest of Gambiran (now : Gambaran village,
it's situation around bridge of Anim and countryside of Sorogenen).
In its hermitage is narrated that Raden Bahurekso lured and
bothered by Dewi Lanjar along with all unvisible soldier which
represent its follower. But all obsession of Dewi Lanjar along
with all its follower can be defeated even bowed to Raden
Bahurekso. Then Dewi Lanjar, representing courier Queen of
Roro Kidul or Queen of Coast South set mind on do not return
to Coast South, however then request permission to Raden Bahurekso
to remain around this region. Raden Bahurekso fulfill this
request even Queen of Roro Kidul also aggreeing it. Dewi Lanjar
allowed to remain north coast of Central Java. It is said
palace situation of Dewi Lanjar located is coast of Pekalongan
side river of Slamaran. Since that time, the area is famous
for the name of Pekalongan.
In other version was mentioned that name of Pekalongan came
from local term of HALONG-ALONG with the meaning galore result.
So Pekalongan referred as also by the name of PENGANGSALAN
with the meaning of luck. Name of this Pengangsalan is the
reality also there is in chronicle of Mataram (Sultan Agung),
that is :
wus kumpul dadi siji, samya dandan samya numpak palwa, gya
ancal mring samudrane, lampahe lumintu, ing Tirboyo lawan
semawis, ing Lepentangi, Kendal, Batang, Tegal, Sampun, Barebes
lan Pengangsalan. Wong pesisir sadoyo tan ono kari, ing Carbon
Its meaning : "
Weapons have been collected into one. After altogether ready
to, all soldier ridden away to sail. The sailing is no desisting
of passing Tirbaya, Semarang, Kaliwungu, Kendal, Batang, Tegal,
Brebes and Pengangsalan. Everybody coastal area nothing that
under developed (they leave to prepare x'self in Cirebon to
go to Batavia utilize to invade VOC Dutch)".
As we have known, Pekalongan was recognized as Batik Town having huge potency in batik industry and
have expanded rapidly, in big and small scale. Batik production
of Pekalongan has become one of the supporting of economics
Pekalongan. Pattern and typical colour of batik product
of Pekalongan have made crafting of Pekalongan Batik was
progressively recognized. This area of batik's industry
has been able to eksport to various state for example
Australian, United States, Mid-East, Japan, Chinese, Korea
To batik collector, Pekalongan is the right place to hunt
batik and accesories for Pekalongan is the place of batik
market, batik's boutique and also batik's grocery, as
original batik (hand drawn), batik cap (stamped), batik
printing, batik painting and also sablon at the varied
This industry gave big contribution to the progress of
economics in Pekalongan with majority of home industri.
- Industry convection
Besides batik, Pekalongan also has kind are convection's
industry. Amount of this industry spread up to start from
Kedungwuni, Tirto, Bojong, Wiradesa, Buaran, Klego and
Landungsari. Contribution of convection industry of Pekalongan
is big enough in supplying of clothes in country. All
entrepreneur, the most is home industry, partake share
remit to some big grocery for example Grocery's Tanah
Abang (Jakarta), Market of Tegal Gubuk in Cirebon (West
Java), Market of Klewer in Solo (Central Java) as well
as its other place. This industrial product in the form
of ready made clothes either from batik and also non batik
between others : sarong, man cloth, woman cloth, child
clothes, bedspread or seprai (pallet sleep above mattress),
desk palm, jeans, etc..
- Jacquards of ATBM (non-machine weaving)
ATBM represents small industry with the product was :
towel, cloth of ihrom, house interior, etc.. Its production
have eksported to Japan, Singapore, United States and
- Crafting of natural fibre
With raw material in the form of enceng gondog (flowers
edible and leaves red with plant water), banana cortex
and frond, pineapple fibre and also other natural fibre,
all small entrepreneur has used it to various crafting
like bag, clothes, house interior, etc..
- Industry processing of fish
Industry processing of fish also represent one of the pledge sector of Pekalongan. This Sector consist of :
- Canning of fish
- Salting / draining of fish (enchovy except kind any of fish salted dried)
- Coagulation of fish
- Pemindangan (preserve large fish or meat with salt without drying)
- Processing and pickling of fish
The Art and Culture
- Dance of sintren
Sintren is traditional artistry of society of Pekalongan
and its surroundings, representing a dance smelled mistical/
magical which is taken stem from love story of Sulasih
and Raden Sulandono. Mentioned Raden Sulandono is child
of Ki Bahurekso marriage Dewi Rantansari.
Raden Sulandono love Sulasih a female of Countryside of
Kalisalak, but the love was not get blessed by Ki Bahurekso.
Finally Raden Sulandono lived as an ascetic and Sulasih
was chosen to become dancer. Nevertheless meeting among
both still take place to through illusory nature. The
meeting was arranged by Dewi Rantansari including houri
soul to body of Sulasih, at that moment also Raden Sulandono
which was doing penance to be called by its soul to meet
Sulasih, than they met between Sulasih and of Raden Sulandono.
After the time of that's every performed a by show of
sintren of is the entered by sure dancer of houri soul
by its expert in conquering animals. Sintren played the
part of by a girl which still is holy (maiden), assisted
by its expert in conquering animals and accompanied by
Javanese musical 6 people. The development of sintren's
dance as people entertainment amusement, was later developed
with dancer attendant and comedian.
- Simtud durar
Simtud durar was the traditional artis which is reflected
Islam using Rebana and Jidur as a means of its music.
This artis have been played for 15 people till 20 people,
accompanied by music. They bounced by make much of or
sholawatan as expression thank Allah and application of
safety of eternity and world. This commonly at used are
the time of opening of event of hajatan traditional party
or carried out by urban community citizen of Pekalongan
famous with its adherence in running comand of religion.
Kuntulan is represented traditional artis which is have
Islam breath to played by 18 men. Together the position
18 people in doing dance is 9 people in front of and 9
people behind. The mentioned meant will contain meaning
of asmaul khusna that is 99 nature of Allah SWT (God who
are single the most).
- Sya'banan (Khol)
Sya'banan (khol) is religious ceremony which have in area
of Pekalongan, carried out by every 14 sya'ban (ruwah)
one year to memorial / considering service- service of
Sayid bin Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Tholib Al Atas, during
its life blazing the way founding of Maisonette of Pesantren
* Pesantren is school of Qur'an studies
for children and young people, most of whom are boarders
Syawalan is custom ceremony to moslem residing in Pekalongan
and its surroundings to witness sharing of BIG LEPET which
has diameter size measure 150 cm, heavy 185 singk and
high of 110 of cm this event is carried out by 1 week
after feast day of Ramadan Idul Fitri by mayor / functionary
* Lepet is cake of glutinous rice steamed
in banana leaves
- Rice of megono
Town of Pekalongan is famous for typical food which is
called MEGONO, It is of a kind vegetables dish made of
young jackfruit (Javanese : gori) chopped of refinement
mixed with coconut (urapan) is grat and urapan sambal
(Javanese : kluban). But with is more mace ingredient
completed with a little hot feel and salam leaf, will
generate to feel typical. Megono is very delicious and
compatible as breakfast, suitable with other dish. Even
only accompanied with tempeh fry and ketchup sambal, likely
very scrumptious. In town of Pekalongan, megono is very
easy to get, from cloister booth until big restaurant
most of all providing rice of megono.
Tauto is typical food of Pekalongan of a kind soup, just
only the ingrident of the tauto is added with taucho,
that is of a kind delicate adder a kind of saus having
typical aroma and its making materials from soy. As generally
soup, tauto is also mixed with flesh and jerohan (organ
in) and also noodles of sohun, delicious to eat with rice
or lontong. Tauto Pekalongan is usually got in booths
in town of Pekalongan in the day time.
* lontong = food consisting of rice
steamed in a banana leaf.
- Garang asam
Garang asam is food of a kind soup (rawon), typical of
area of Pekalongan. But for the garang asam, its gravy
is given many tomato, so feels fresh and acid but. Garang
asam is usually mixed with flesh, egg or jerohan (organ
in). Usually ripe by garang asam rather hot, so that likely
growing scrumptiously. In town of Pekalongan, Iurid of
acid very is easy to get in booth - booth, especially
in the day time.
* rawon = beef stew made with keluak
- Soybean chips
As tempe, soybean cake even also can be made by flaky.
Flavour and way of its making do not far different. felting
enjoy able and crispy likely, making flaky know suitable
for crispy to eat with rice (in the place of crisply)
and also suitable for snack. Flaky is easy get in food-shop
shop in area of Pekalongan and its surroundings.
- Coast of Pasir Kencana
Representing coast recreation place to all foreign and
also domestic turis to relax at the same time enjoy cold
coastal air. This coast suited for recreation raw and
fish with boat of readily touring serving it. The facilities
for children toy, open podium, areal park, small mosque,
- Place Recreation of Linggo Asri
The view is nature with fresh air to be the typical place
individuality of Linggo Asri which is located in the side
of south district of Kajen sub-province of Pekalongan
at height 700 m of sea level. The combination of natural
potency, forest and mountain of wisata and also the condition
of village which is still rural becomes interesting factor
to be enjoyed. Beside that, situation which is profit
able by the side of Province street between sub-province
of Pekalongan and of Banjarnegara very facilitating to
tourist to visit.
- Place Recreation of Petung Kriyono
As recreation place which is have located in mountainside
of Ragajambangan at height about 900 - 1600 m of sea level.
A fresh air cold with wonderful place, natural beauty
and Ioveliness which is suited for recreation. Of capital
of regency of Pekalongan is apart 30 km and can be Reachings
with public vehicle. As area of agrowisata, Petung Kriyono
is offering many choice for the accomplishment of ambition
of natural tour. In this area is you are able to explore
the nature and do the outbond's activity.
- Waterfall of Curug Muncar
Is famous for the exotic place with beautiful waterfall
and the wonderful view. This waterfall of Curug Muncar
a is lot of visited by tourist and natural devotee.
- Place Recreation of Rogoselo
The place is located more or less 14 km of town of Doro's
district, exactly in countryside of Rogoselo. This recreation
place in the form of petilasan / preserve of Arca Baron
Sekeber and Mausoleum of Ki Ageng Atas Angin According
to folklore, Baron Sekeber is a miraculous man from the
Europe who came to Java, wish to challengge magical power.
In every fight, Baron Sekeber always wins, have many miraculous
people and hero in Java Land which he defeated. Till one
day he was lost to be defeated by Ki Ageng Atas Angin.
- Natural Recreation Place of Lolong
The natural recreation place is located more or less 6
Km of town district of Karanganyar. This potency place
of recreation is also supported with existence of durian
fruit (typical fruit of very delicious area likely) which
has famous for in each its season.
- Coast of Wonokerto
The coast recreation place is located more or less 5 km
of roadway of Wiradesa to the north, precisely in countryside
of Wonokerto, district of Wonokerto, in Zulkhijah this
place was performed by ordinary of sea alms event performed
by local fisherman society.
- Coast of Slamaran Indah
Was the wonderful coast which gives us balmy and compatible.
This area of its legend have "tutelary spirit", that is
Dewi Lanjar as coastal queen of North. It is said Dewi
Lanjar often make an appearance with peerless pretty beautiful
- Camping site
About 4 hectare, Camping site which is in Dranan village
of Yosorejo provided to all natural devotee, student and
also all tourist provided with bathroom, verandah of ancient
palace, post guard care and playground.
Pekalongan in Present day
Nowdays, Pekalongan have experienced of development become two
region, that is Municipality of Pekalongan and Regency of Pekalongan.
- Municipality of Pekalongan
Head of governance : Mr. Dr. Basyir Akhmad
Proxy head of governance : Mr. Alf Arslan Junaid
- Geographical position
Geographical position between 6 - 50' 44 is" transversal
of south and 109 - 37' 55" till 109 - 42' 19" East longituade,
and also have fictious co-ordinate to 510.000 - 518.000
lengthwise km and 517.875 - 526.75 athwart km. Wide
of area of Pekalongan equals to 45,25 km2, administratively
consists of 4 district and 46 sub-district. Area of
Pekalongan have mean rain climate 2.189 mm / year.
- Growth of economics
Economics of municipality in Pekalongan is growing rapidly
enough started from PDRB about 42%/ year. Especial
Contributor economic sector of PDRB (Produk Domestik
Regional Bruto) is middle and big industry and also
wholesale and at retail. Supporter of economic medium
among others walke as long as 115.222 km, 10 market
unit, 10 unit banking of private sector and state, available
and also of electrics, clean water and telecommunications.
- Regency of Pekalongan
Head of governance : Ms. Hj. Siti Qomariyah, MA
Proxy head of governance : Mr. Ir. H. Wayudi Pontjo Nugroho, MT
- Geographical position
Regency of Pekalongan geographically located in north
coast wise [at] 109 - 109°78' longitude east and between
6 - 7°23' regional paralel south broadly 836,13 km˛,
administratively consist of 19 district. Mean rainfall
per year 2.950 mm with rain day mean 157 day. High rainfall
happened in district of Lebakbarang mean per year 5.551
mm, condition of land pursuant to wide of Regency area
of Pekalongan 83.613,103 hectare. which consist of rice
field land 26.082,454 hectare or 31,25%, dry land 57.484,781
hectare ( 68,75%).
- Growth of economics
Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) Pekalongan's regency increases 10,72 % or Rp 5,06 trillion on year 2007 for price apply than years 2006 as big as Rp 4,57 trillion. Meanwhile constant price settle, PDRB is year 2007 as big as Rp 2,83 trlyun, worked up 4,43% than years 2006 as big as Rp 2,71 trillion.
For perkapita's income year 2007 as big as Rp. 4. 882. 280, worked up 9,61% appealed by years 2006 as big as Rp 4.454.203.
Years indigent population 2007 as big as 190.000 souls or 21,13% of populations, experiencing decrease was appealed by year 2006 as much 207.644 souls or 23,29%.